SECTION II REFERENCES

American Academy of Physician Assistants. (Adopted in 1992, reaffirmed 1997, 2002, and 2007). Reproductive Health Policies HX-4600.6.0. 2008-2009 AAPA Policy Manual, pp 75–76. Alexandria, VA: Author. Retrieved January 10, 2009, from http://www.aapa.org/manual/external.pdf

American Academy of Physician Assistants. (2009). Information about PAs and the PA profession. Retrieved February 23, 2009, from http://www.aapa.org/geninfo1.html

American College of Nurse-Midwives. (1991). Reproductive choices (Position Statement). Washington, DC: Author.

American College of Nurse-Midwives. (2004). Definition of midwifery practice [Position statement]. Silver Spring, MD: Author.

American College of Nurse-Midwives (2009). Essential facts about midwives. Retrieved June 15, 2009 from http://www.midwives.org/Essential_Facts.pdf (updated April 2009).

American Medical Association (2006). House of Delegates Resolution 902(I-06): Scope of practice partnership – Need for active medical board oversight of medical scope of practice activities by mid level practitioners. Chicago, IL: AMA. Retrieved March 23, 2009, available at http://www.ama-assn. org/ama1/pub/upload/mm/475/902.pdf

American Medical Association (2007). Strategic plan: Board of trustees report 21i06, scope of practice partnership. Chicago, IL: AMA. Retrieved March 23, 2009, available at http://www.ama-assn.org/ ama1/pub/upload/mm/475/bot21i06.doc

American Public Health Association. (1992). Policy statements adopted by the Governing Council of the American Public Health Association, November 13, 1991. American Journal of Public Health, 82(3), 447–494.

Barber, D. (1997). Research into the role of fertility nurses for the development of guidelines for clinical practice. Human Reproduction, 12(11 Suppl), 195–197.

Berer, M. 2009. Provision of abortion by mid-level providers: International policy, practice, and perspectives. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 87, 58–63.

Boyman, K., Gibson, C., & Forman, L. (2004). Comparison of complication rates in first trimester surgical abortions performed by physicians and midlevel providers. Paper presented at the National Abortion Federation annual meeting, Burlington, VT, April 19.

Finer, L. B., Darroch, J. E., & Frost, J. J. (2002). U.S. agencies providing publicly funded contraceptive services in 1999. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 34(1), 15–24.

Finer, L. B., & Henshaw, S. K. (2006). Disparities in rates of unintended pregnancy in the United States, 1994 and 2001. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 38(2), 90–96.

Foster, A. M., Polis, C., Allee, M. K., Simmonds, K., Zurek, M., & Brown, A. (2006). Abortion education in nurse practitioner, physician assistant and certified nurse-midwifery programs: A national survey. Contraception, 73(4), 408–414.

Freedman, M., Jillson, D., Coffin, R., & Novick, L. (1986). Comparison of complication rates in first trimester abortions performed by physician assistants and physicians. American Journal of Public Health, 76(5), 550–554.

Frost, J. J., & Frohwirth, L. (2005). Family planning annual report: 2004 summary, Part 1. New York: Guttmacher Institute.

Goldman, M., Occhiuto, J., Peterson, L., Zapka, J., & Palmer, R. (2004). Physician assistants as providers of surgically induced abortion services. American Journal of Public Health, 94(8), 1352–1357.

Grumbach, K., Hart, L., Mertz, E., Coffman, J., & Palazzo, L. (2003). Who is caring for the underserved? A comparison of primary care physicians and nonphysician clinicians in California and Washington. Annals of Family Medicine, 1(2), 97–104.

Healthy People 2010. (2004). About healthy people. Retrieved February 25, 2009, from http://www. healthypeople.gov/About/

Institute of Medicine Committee on the Future of Primary Care, & Donaldson, M. S. (1996). Primary care: America’s health in a new era. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Jones, R. K., Darroch, J. E., & Henshaw, S. K. (2002). Patterns in the socioeconomic characteristics of women obtaining abortions in 2000–2001. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 34(5), 226–235.

Luterzo, J., Mahoney, S., Armstrong, A., Parker, J., & Alvero, R. (2004). Saline infusion sonohysterography: Comparing the accuracy of NPs and OB/GYN residents’/fellows’ findings. Women’s Health Care Journal, 3(3), 27–30.

National Abortion Federation. (1990). Who will provide abortions? Ensuring the availability of qualified practitioners (Recommendations from a National Symposium). Washington, DC: Author.

National Abortion Federation. (1997). The role of physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nursemidwives in providing abortions: Strategies for expanding abortion access. Washington, DC: Author.

National Abortion Federation, & Clinicians for Choice (2009). Legal practice issues: Timeline of events. Retrieved February 23, 2009, from http://www.prochoice.org/cfc/legal_practice.html

New York Center for Health Workforce Studies. (2006). The United States health workforce profile (No. HRSA U79-HP000010801). Rensselaer, NY: School of Public Health, University at Albany, State University of New York.

Nurse Practitioners in Women’s Health (1991). Resolution on Nurse Practitioners as Abortion Providers (October 1991). Washington, DC: Author. www.npwh.org/position statements

Office of Population Affairs, & Department of Health and Human Services. (2001). Healthy People 2010—Reproductive health. Washington, DC: Office of Population Affairs.

Paul, M., Nobel, K., Goodman, S., Lossy, P., Moschella, J. E., & Hammer, H. (2007). Abortion training in three family medicine programs: Resident and patient outcomes. Family Medicine, 39(3), 184–189.

Prine, L., Lesnewski, R., Berley, N., & Gold, M. (2003). Medical abortion in family practice: A case series. Journal of the American Board of Family Practice, 16(4), 290–295.

Springhouse. (2001). Procedures for nurse practitioners. Springhouse, PA: Author.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2000). Healthy people 2010: Understanding and improving health and objectives for improving health. Washington, DC: Author.

Vaz, F., Bergstrom, S., Vaz Mda, L., Langa, J., & Bugalho, A. (1999). Training medical assistants for surgery. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 77(8), 688–691.

Warriner, I., Meririk, O., Hoffman, M., Morroni, C., Harries, J., My Huong, N., et al. (2006). Rates of complication in first-trimester manual vacuum aspiration abortion done by doctors and mid-level providers in South Africa and Vietnam: A randomised controlled equivalence trial. Lancet, 368, 1965–1972.